REMOVED FROM "Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany and in Communist Regimes - English Web Links"

Austrian Research Centers / Dissertationsdatenbank. Summary of Dr. Anita Farkas' master thesis (original written in the German language), "Geschichte(n) ins Leben holen. Die Bibelforscherinnen des Frauenkonzentrationslager St. Lambrecht" (History / Testimonies Fetch Back to Life. The female Jehova`s Witnesses of the Concentration Camp Sankt Lambrecht.) The German book (Graz, Austria, 2004) is now available. ["Subject of the research work was the concentration camp Sankt Lambrecht in Styria, which has been used from the beginning of may 1943 until the liberation by the British army 1945. This small concentration camp for women was installed in a part of the monastry of Sankt Lambrecht. Founded as a branch of the women`s concentration camp Ravensbrück it was taken over by Mauthausen in the autumn of 1944. The concentration camp was run for two years. During this time the National Socialistic Dictators exploited the working capacity of twenty three female Jehova`s Witnesses which were kept there. Research methods, that was used, have been archiv research and bigraphical interviews. A few survivors of the women`s concentration camp Sankt Lambrecht were interviewed by my own in a psychoanalytic way. With the results of the study we are able to reconstruct a specific concentration camp situation which shows us an inside perspective. The hypothesis that the Jehova`s Witnesses had kept their piritual-moral integrity and stability could bei proofed. Unfortunately the psyches and physis of the survivors was traumatized at the same time." ]
http://www.arcs.ac.at/dissdb/rn039412 <<112, 11.05.04>>

Embassy of Austria. Austrian Press & Information Service - Washington, D.C. New book by Austrian Bernhard Rammerstorfer entitled, Unbroken Will: The Extraordinary Courage of an Ordinary Man, Grammaton Press, New Orleans, April 2004 (German edition: Nein statt Ja and Amen!). It is the sensitive portrayal of an extraordinary personality, Leopold Engleitner, a menial farm laborer and one of Jehovah's Witnesses, now 99 years old, whose experience during the time of the Holocaust, serves as a valuable lesson to others and reaches far beyond the borders of his native Austria. Federal President Thomas Klestil met with Leopold Engleitner recently. Mr. Rammerstorfer has also produced a documentary film and a DVD on the life of Leopold Engleitner. These are available in German, English and Italian.
http://www.austria.org/mar4/unbroken%20will.shtml <014, 15.04.04>

Germany, Minister for Foreign Affairs (Auswärtiges Amt). Speech by the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs at the ceremony to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Sachsenhausen concentration camp on 17 April 2005 at the Sachsenhausen Memorial. (Text in German and French.) ["Between 1936 and 1945 the Nazis incarcerated more than 200,000 people here. Initially these chiefly comprised political opponents of the National Socialist regime: communists, socialdemocrats, liberal and conservative politicians. Later the SS also brought homosexuals, Sinti and Roma, Christians, Jehovah's Witnesses and Jews to Sachsenhausen. They, too, suffered a terrible fate. With the outbreak of the Second World War, they were joined by thousands of prisoners of war and civilians from more than 40 countries, until eventually nine out of ten prisoners came from outside Germany, most of them from the former Soviet Union and Poland."]
http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/www/en/ausgabe_archiv?archiv_id=7077 <<138, 18.05.05>>

Hesse, Hans (Historian, Germany). "Female Jehovah's Witnesses in the Women's Concentration Camp in Moringen: Research on the Resistance of Women to Nazism," by Jürgen Harder and Hans Hesse. [Bibelforscher, women concentration camps Moringen, Lichtenburg, Ravensbrück / Ravensbrueck]
http://www.hans-hesse.de/html/female_jehovah_s_witnesses.html <<006, 15.12.00>>

Imperial War Museum, London. Beyond Camps and Forced Labour: Current International Research on Survivors of Nazi Persecution International Multidisciplinary Conference at the Imperial War Museum, London, 29-31 January 2003. PANEL 15: Jehovah’s Witnesses. Chair: Mike Dennis (University of Wolverhampton / UK), JOLENE CHU (Jehovah's Witness Holocaust-Era Survivors Fund / USA) "Witnesses to the Holocaust then and now."
http://www.iwm.org.uk/conference/downloads/abstracts15.pdf <01.02.04>

Jehovah's Witnesses, Britain. Jehovah's Witnesses and the Holocaust -- their place in history. RATIONALE: Why study about Jehovah's Witnesss in the Nazi era? [Bibelforscher; Else Abt (Gestapo, foto, Auschwitz)]
http://www.discmultimedia.com/discresources/standfirm/rationale.htm <<002, 04.07.02>>

Jehovah's Witnesses, Britain. Jehovah's Witnesses and the Holocaust -- their place in history. OVERVIEW: Who were they? [Bibelforscher; children, Paul-Gerhard Kusserow (foto) ; Nazi camp system, Esterwegen concentration camp (foto of diagram, published 1938 in "Crusade" book), Sachsenhausen concentration camp (foto of diagram, published 1938 in "Crusade" book)]
http://www.discmultimedia.com/discresources/standfirm/overview02.htm <<002, 04.07.02>>

Jehovah's Witnesses, Britain. Jehovah's Witnesses and the Holocaust -- their place in history. CHRONOLOGY -- Jehovah's Witnesses and the Nazis. Text Adapted from the Study Guide for the Documentary Video "Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault."
http://www.discmultimedia.com/discresources/standfirm/chronology.htm <<002, 04.07.02>>

Jehovah's Witnesses, Britain. Jehovah's Witnesses and the Holocaust -- their place in history. QUOTES: JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES PUBLICATIONS report on tragic events [Jews] as they happen. [Bibelforscher; quotes from Golden Age, January 4, 1933, p. 209; July 5, 1933, p. 623; October 9, 1935, p. 6; December 4, 1935, p. 150; January 29, 1936, p. 276; Consolation, May 4, 1938, p. 7; December 14, 1938, pp. 8-9; May 3, 1939, p. 25; June 12, 1940, p. 26; April 30, 1941, pp. 8, 22; December 10, 1941, p. 27. Historians and observer comment on the History of Jehovah's Witnesses during the Holocaust: Genevieve de Gaulle, Martin Niemöller [Niemoeller], Kurt Hutten, Anna Pawelczynska, Dr. Christine E. King; Claudia Koonz, Dr. Hubert Roser, James Taylor, James N. Pellechia, Johannes Wrobel]
http://www.discmultimedia.com/discresources/standfirm/quotes.htm <<002, 04.07.02>>

Singelenberg, Richard. Book review: "Facing the Lion: Memoirs of a young girl in Nazi Europe." (book written by Simone Liebster) Originally published in "Religion - Staat - Gesellschaft", 2 (1) 200, pp. 375-376.
http://home.zonnet.nl/rsingelenberg/Hessereview.html <078, 03.02.04>

Singelenberg, Richard. Book review: Jehovah's Witnesses in the GDR. Persecution and Response of a Religious Minority (title translated from German; book written by Gerald Hacke). Originally published in Church and State, Vol 42, #2, 2000, pp. 574-576.
http://home.zonnet.nl/rsingelenberg/Hessereview.html <078, 03.02.04>

Singelenberg, Richard. Book review: "Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi Regime" (book published by Hans Hesse. Recently also published in "Religion - Staat - Gesellschaft" 1 (2003), pp. 97-114. Reply by Johannes Wrobel: Die Verfolgung der Zeugen Jehovas im Nationalsozialismus - Rezeption, Rezension, Interpretation (Deutsch, English abstract). Richard Singelenberg: Rejoinder to Wrobel. Johannes Wrobel: Reaction to Singelenberg. [Zeugen Jehovas; Bibelforscher]
http://home.zonnet.nl/rsingelenberg/Hessereview.html <078, 03.11.2003>

The Tablet, Catholic weekly, UK. Alexandra Hudson: Triangles of courage. Jehovah's Witnesses were fiercely persecuted during the Hitler era. A Tablet reporter heard from four who faced the Nazi terror. The Tablet, February 1, 2003. [National Socialism, concentration camps, nazi victims; Bibelforscher (Bible Students); conscientious objectors; ignorance; Professor Christine King of Staffordshire University (non-Witness); Holocaust Memorial Day; refused Heil Hitler salute, to join Nazi Party and display the Swastika flag; children; Magdalena Kusserow Reuter; Gestapo; Ravensbrück, Sachsenhausen concentration camp; Auschwitz; National Socialist Party; the party believed persecution would appease the Catholic and Protestant Churches; Rudolf Höss, commandand of Auschwitz; Heinrich Himmler; refused duties relating to war efforts (Angora rabbits); Max Liebster]
http://www.thetablet.co.uk/cgi-bin/archive_db.cgi?tablet-00705 <<085, 26.02.03>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Holocaust Encyclopedia. Jehovah's Witnesses: ID Cards (biographies) of Adolphe Arnold, France; Emma Arnold, France; Simone Arnold, France; Johanna Niedermeier Buchner, Austria; Helene Gotthold, Germany; Walther Hamann, Germany; Hilda Kusserow, Germany; Magdalena Kusserow, Germany; Wilhelm Kusserow, Germany; Wolfgang Kusserow, Germany; Johannes M. Lublink, Netherlands; Berthold Mewes, Germany; Ernst Reiter, Austria; Josef Schoen, Czechoslavakia [Canada]; Johannes Stossier, Austria; Ruth Warter, Germany; Franz Wohlfahrt, Austria; Gregor Wohlfahrt [sen.], Austria; Gregor Wohlfahrt [jun.], Austria; Willibald Wohlfahrt, Austria.
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10006186 <<015, 02.09.04>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Research / Library / Bibliographies & Links - Jehovah’s Witnesses. Introduction. Background Information. The Nazi Period (English, French, German, Italien/Slovene books), Films and Videos. Museum Web Resources. Additonal Resources [music: song of Erich Frost]. [Bibelforscher; fotos]
http://www.ushmm.org/research/library/bibliography/jhvhwtns/right.htm <<015, 31.03.03>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Holocaust Learning Center: Jehovah's Witnesses. Summarizes the history of Nazi persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses. Explains why the Nazis targeted this small religious group and describes the arrest and imprisonment of thousands of Witnesses unwilling to denounce their beliefs and capitulate to Nazi rule. Also highlights the Witnesses' treatment and behavior in the camps and provides statistics concerning convictions and deaths of Jehovah's Witnesses under the Third Reich.
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005394 <<015, 08.07.03>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Jehovah's Witnesses: Persecution 1870-1936 (article in the USHMM's Holocaust Learning Center)
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/index.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005433 <<015, 08.07.03>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Bibliographies: Berthold Mewes (foto), Germany. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher]
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/id5222.htm <<015, 08.12.00>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Bibliographies: Franz Wohlfahrt (foto), Austria. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher, bibliographie]
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/smenemy.htm <<015, 08.12.00>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Bibliographies: Johann Stossier (foto), Austria. [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher, bibliographie]
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/id4874.htm <<015, 08.12.00>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. USHMM Collection. Bible found at liberation (foto). [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher]
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/89314-5.htm <<015, 08.12.00>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Highlights. Persecution and Resistance of Jehovah's Witnesses During the Nazi Regime, 1933-1945, edited by Hans Hesse (authors: Henry Friedlander, Christoph Daxelmüller [Daxelmueller], Jürgen Harder and Hans Hesse, Kirsten John-Stucke, Antje Zeiger, Thomas Rahe, Johannes Wrobel, Sybil Milton, Wolfram Slupina, Ursula Krause-Schmidt, Hubert Roser, Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Göran Westphal, Detlef Garbe, Walter Köbe [Koebe], Gabriele Yonan, Dietrich Hellmund, Lutz Lehmhöfer [Lehmhoefer], Jolene Chu, James N. Pellechia). [Bibelforscher, Bible Students; standard work on the subject]
http://www.ushmm.org/research/library/highlights/books/book27.htm <<015, 03.07.02>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Music of the Holocaust: Highlights from the Collection - Stand Fast (Fest steht). Sachsenhausen concentration camp, 1942. Lyricist and composer: Erich Frost. Language: German. Men's Choir directed by Erich Frost. Listen to Simone Arnold Liebster sing the English version of the song Forward, You Witnesses! [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher]
http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/music/detail.php?content=witness
http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/music/witness.php <<015, 05.16.02>>

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. Music of the Holocaust: English translation of Erich Frost interview (in German) excerpt describing the origin of the concentration camp song "Zeugen Jehovas"/"Forward You Witnesses." [Jehovah's Witnesses, Bibelforscher; Nazism; fotos: Erich Frost; Simone Arnold Liebster with parents, Bible study material smuggled into Dachau concentration camp]
http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/music/popup/witnessint.htm <<015, 01.06.02>>

OTHER LANGUAGES

FRENCH: Discours prononcé par Monsieur Joschka Fischer, ministre fédéral des Affaires étrangères, à l'occasion de la commémoration du 60e anniversaire de la libération du camp de concentration de Sachsenhausen le 17 avril 2005 au Mémorial de Sachsenhausen. (Text in German and English.) ["Entre 1936 et 1945, les nazis ont détenu ici plus de 200 000 personnes. Tout au début, il s'est agi avant tout d'adversaires politiques du régime national-socialiste: des communistes, des sociaux-démocrates, des responsables politiques des camps des libéraux et des conservateurs. Plus tard, les SS ont également interné à Sachsenhausen des homosexuels, des Sinti et des Rom, des chrétiens, des Témoins de Jéhovah et des Juifs. Eux aussi ont vécu un effroyable destin. À partir du début de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, des milliers de prisonniers de guerre et de civils originaires de plus de quarante pays ont été internés, jusqu'à ce que, finalement, neuf sur dix détenus viennent de l'étranger, dont la plupart de l'ex-Union soviétique et de la Pologne."]
http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/www/fr/ausgabe_archiv?archiv_id=7078 <<138, 18.05.05>>

JAPANESE. Japanese-language Awake! magazine article, "Jehovah's Witnesses -- Courageous in the Face of Nazi Peril," July 8, 1998. [English version. Ssubheadings: No Compromise With Hitler / Looking Back / What Happened When Hitler Came to Power? / Convention of Courage or Compromise? (Berlin convention, Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen, June 25, 1933) / 2 actual photographs of the convention attended by Jehovah's Witnesses in 1933 at the Tennishallen / A Statements of Intent (1933 "Declaration of Facts" [German "Erklärung" / "Erklaerung"] / videocassette documentary entitled 'Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault']
<wrong link> http://bookweb.kinokuniya.co.jp/htmy/3861087502.html <<japanese>>

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